After an in-depth process of research, evaluation of resources, critical thinking, planning, and writing, you come down to a final product that’s called a research paper. This is not a simple extended essay. It’s a much more complex assignment that requires a lot of time and effort to complete.
When students face this type of assignment, it’s only natural for them to feel anxious about completing it. The best way to beat that anxiety is to have a rock-solid plan that will take you to a successful result. When you’re taking actionable steps towards tangible goals, the research paper challenge seems possible to tackle.
Remember: learning how to write research papers in high school will make your life as a college student much easier. You’ll be writing plenty of research papers if you plan to go to college.
We’ll give you a detailed guide of 10 steps to take towards the completion of an argumentative research paper.
- Be Mentally Prepared
Before you start writing this paper, you need to work on your mindset. The research paper is a huge challenge. However, your teacher already covered the topic in general and you do have a foundation of knowledge. You’ll only need to locate relevant information, come up with a thesis statement, and express your arguments in the paper. You can do it!
- Define the Purpose of Your Research Paper
Your teacher gave you guidelines or a research paper question. Now, you need to define your point of view, which you’ll translate in a thesis statement. The guidelines are usually general, so you’ll have to narrow them down.
- Even the most boring topics can be approached from an unusual angle. Find a point that interests you and use it as the foundation of that assignment. If, for example, the general instruction is to write a research paper on global warming, you can pick a narrow theme: how it affects rainforests or an animal you love.
- By the end of this step, you should come up with a thesis statement. It doesn’t have to be perfect, but you should have it as the foundation of every following step.
- Collect Sources
Now, it’s time for the hard work: the research process. You can use only reliable information from books, journal articles, interviews, encyclopedias, and authoritative web pages.
- If you really want to impress your teacher, you should use books. Visit the school library!
- Use Google Scholar to find resources you can use.
- You don’t have to read them all at this point. Just briefly examine them to see if they are relevant to your topic. At the end of this stage, pick at least five sources that you’ll explore in details and you’ll use in the research paper.
- Read, Categorize, and Document the Information
Read them! Take notes on how you plan to use the information from those sources in your paper. How do they support or defy your point of view? Make sure to note down where each idea is coming from.
- Write an Outline with Proper Structure
An outline will keep the discussion organized around the main thesis statement.
- Organize the outline according to your teacher’s instructions. The paper should have an introduction, body, and conclusion.
- Plan what you’ll write in each section of the paper.
- Start Writing the Body Paragraphs
You might think that the introduction is the best place to start, but that’s not true. It’s recommended to start with the body of the research paper. At this point, you have a thesis statement, but you can manipulate it as your ideas progress.
- Start with the body paragraphs and follow the outline, but don’t be afraid to alter it along the way.
- Make clear points and support them with evidence from your sources.
- Write the Conclusion
Now that you’ve exposed your arguments and supported them with evidence, it’s time for the conclusion. This should be a brief summary of your findings. The reader should have a complete impression. Don’t introduce any new ideas here.
- Write the Introduction
Read through your paper. How would you introduce it to someone in few sentences? This is exactly why we positioned the introduction as the 8th step of this guide. Now, you can introduce your arguments in a believable way that gets the attention of your reader.
- Write and Format the Bibliography
It’s important to reference all sources you used. If your teacher didn’t give instructions on proper referencing, you can find and follow the guidelines for APA, MLA, or Chicago styles. Choose the one that’s suitable for the topic’s area of study.
- Edit the Paper
Congratulations! You have your first draft. Now, it’s time to polish it out. Read it thoroughly and improve the logical flow. Don’t hold back to get rid of some parts if they are not necessary. If you feel like you need to add more information, do it at this stage.
Finally, you’ll do a final proofreading and your research paper will be ready to go.
Research paper writing seems easy when you read about it, right? In practice, it’s a complex process that requires full focus. That’s why it’s important to practice and start early. Start today!
Chris Richardson is an editor and a blogger. He is passionate about writing, traveling, and photography. Chris loves to meet new people and talk about modern education and technologies. Read another article by Chris about using technology in the classroom. Follow him on Facebook and Google+.
As of today:
- Benchmark answer keys will have the correct answers bolded and italicized (in some browsers).
- The following changes have been made to USATestprep’s “Assignments” tab:
- Group assignments won’t load until you click to expand.
- Ability to hide the filter
- If a filter is set, the Filter Assignments link is formatted.
- No more “Grades” button; now all buttons say “Results”
- Settings modal will show if a student has taken an assignment — and if so, they cannot be removed from the assignment.
- Edit button grays out for a group assignment if there are results.
- Completed column does not update in real time (every 15 minutes), so there’s a refresh icon to instantly retrieve results.
Guest contributor, Erica Badino, is a writer on a quest to share her knowledge and experiences with students.
Essay writing is something students either struggle with, or shrug off like it’s nothing. I was fortunate to have the writer genes needed to get me through these academic milestones, but for those who aren’t born to be writers, these can be a cause of serious stress.
The stress doubles when the student is taking a timed test like the ACT or SAT that requires them to finish the essay in a certain amount of time. Fortunately, with proper practice and skills, students can learn how to write essays faster than ever before. Join us as we look at three tips for speeding up your essay writing.
3 Ways to Crank Up Your Essay Writing Speed
The secret to quickly written essays isn’t anything in particular, it’s a network of different practices and skills. It’s all about putting a plan together, practicing, and staying focused. Here are three ways to make that happen:
1. Put Together an Outline
Having an outline is key if you want to write faster. Going in without a plan will leave you open for writer’s block and dips in your productivity. I typically do all of my research and planning before a single word hits the page. This helps me gather my thoughts and establish a baseline for my topic.
Usually I focus on the points I want to make and write them down in sequential order. From there, I start with an introduction and then, if need be, jot down notes for each point on what topics I want to get into.
2. Practice Within Time Limits
Many essays are done within a limit. This is especially true of tests like the SAT and ACT. Writing under pressure isn’t easy, but if you can train yourself to do it, you’ll feel much more prepared for the big day.
The key is to not give yourself any extra time, and to work with a prompt you haven’t seen before. Recreate the exact situation that the test will take place in, and you’ll give yourself the proper tools and habits to adapt to the situation when it’s time to write.
3. Find Your Focus
Staying focused is far easier said than done. Consider these tips for keeping your focus intact while writing papers:
- Accept distractions, and meet them head on
- Stay where you are (in a test you don’t have a choice)
- Practice in silence
- Reward yourself when you hit certain goals
- Take a break every 45-minutes
- Edit when you’re finished writing, not during
- Leave a note for yourself to come back later if you get stuck on a spot
These tips will help you better stay in the moment and avoid things that will hamper your progress and ultimately slow you down. Sometimes it’s okay to come back to something later, or leave the editing for the final read through.
Writing faster is hard to imagine when you feel like you’re doing the best you can. These tips will help you make the most of your time and ultimately write faster without trying. Learning how to harness the tools you have in front of you is the secret to success.
How do you write faster? Let us know in the comments!
Where can I find overall school usage data?
On your home page, click on the “Account Information” link located just to the right of your avatar. You can even compare the below usage stats to last school year’s.
- Activation codes
- Total school logins
- Teacher and student login counts
- Completed activity counts (tests, games, videos, and practice activities) for all content areas combinded
- Usage by test
- Subscription details and renewal dates
Thank you to the 321 teachers who took our “Print Resources” survey last month. You told us your favorite print resource is our Quizzes. You also told us you like our Class Activities.
Are you using USATestprep’s Class Activities or Quizzes in your classroom? What about our Puzzles and Flashcards? All of these standards-aligned resources are included with your school’s USATestprep subscription and can save you big when it comes to planning time. Give them a try in March!
What’s the old way?
Previously, a teacher could edit assignment settings here (multiple attempts, minimum score, retry missed items) at any time, even after students started completing the assignment.
Why was it a problem?
That functionality was plagued by bugs, not to mention some confusion — were all students affected or only students who haven’t completed the assignment yet? What if the student has one attempt left and the settings are changed?
On top of that, it made troubleshooting much more difficult because what if the teacher changed the settings after the student finished the assignment? We didn’t keep track of those changes, so there was no way to be certain of the settings at the time when a student completed an assignment.
What’s the change?
We have removed those three settings from the Settings modal. So, here are the two main changes:
- If teachers want to change those settings, they must use the Edit button — but wait…can’t teachers only edit an assignment before any students have completed it?
- That is change #2. Teachers can only edit those three settings if NO students have completed it yet. That way, we can ensure that all students have the exact same settings.
Where can teachers view their settings?
To view the settings for a specific assignment, click on the assignment title. We’ve added the selected settings in those details as a reference.
USATestprep offers a variety of built-in accommodations on our site. These accommodations fall into two categories: Benchmark Accommodations and Assignments/Projector Based Resources.
- Duplicate Copy – When a benchmark is created, there is an option to make a duplicate copy. This is a great tool to use to meet the needs of diverse learners. The duplicate copy allows you to go in and change the test settings.
- Spanish Option – Questions, answers, and passages can be translated into Spanish. If you select this option, the test will not automatically be translated for every student. Instead, there will be a link at the top of the benchmark labeled “Español,” and if a student clicks on this link, the test will be translated.
- Reduce Answer Choices – This will reduce the number of answer choices from 4 to 3. It will still show all four answer options, but one will already be eliminated.
- Highlighter – We offer a highlighter tool that students can use to highlight key words and phrases.
- Audio Available – We offer audio recordings of passages, questions, and answers.
- Eliminate Answer – Students can hover over answer choices and choose to “Eliminate” the answer choice. When this is done, a line will be placed through the answer. If a student hovers over the answer choice again, he or she can “Restore” that answer.
- Printing Options – Our benchmarks can be printed in larger font sizes and with a variety of spacing options.
- Question Filters – When creating a custom benchmark, teachers can filter questions based on Low or High DOK or difficulty level.
Assignments/Projector Based Resources
- Multiple Attempts – When creating an assignment, teachers can allow students to have multiple attempts to improve their score.
- Minimum Score – Teachers can set a minimum mastery score on assignments.
- Difficulty Level – Our practice question difficulty levels can be adjusted to three options: Random, Beginner, or Advanced.
- Font Size – The font size for our projector based resources can be adjusted to be larger for students who may need this accommodation. For more information on accommodations, please refer to this webinar recording. To use these tools in your classroom, login to your USATestprep.com account.
1) Click on the “Classes” tab. Then, click the “Create New Class” link.
2) Give your class a name. Then, select the test(s) that will be used by this class and click “Continue.”
3) Now you can add students to your class. As you find the students you are looking for, you can add them by clicking the “+Add” link to the left of their names. Student names will appear on the left side as they are added. Click “Save and Manage Class” when finished.
4) Successful class creation will take you to the page seen below. Here you can click “Edit Class” to make adjustments, click “Password Cards” to print login information cards for each student, or click “Lock Game Arcade” to prevent students from playing games.
1) To change your account information, email preferences, or avatar, click “Edit Account.” Click “Account Information” to view activation codes, usage data, renewal dates, and account contacts.
2) Click on “Webinars” to access a wealth of training and expert insights on using USATestprep. Both pre-recorded and live sessions are available.
3) To access standards-aligned resources by content area and grade level, mouse over the top navigation. Click on the content area you wish to use. You will see a wide variety of online and printable resources, as well as projector games.
4) Click the respective tabs to create a class, benchmark, or assignment. Future emails will provide in-depth directions on using these sections of the website.
5) To access help resources, additional training information, and FAQs, click the “Need Help?” link. You may also contact USATestprep directly by clicking the “Feedback & Contact” button at the bottom of any page.
Reading a history textbook is a lot like being at the end of a line of players in the old game, “telephone,” in which a message is passed along in whispers from one person to the next. By the time it gets to the end of the line, the message has often changed quite a bit, and is often shorter and less detailed than it was at first — if it is not hilariously wrong!
By the time an event is narrated in a textbook, it has likely passed through many hands and tellings: The textbook author has herself read it in an article, whose author, in turn, read it in a historical anthology (such as one of the Cambridge “companion” volumes). The authors of the anthology, in turn, may have read an account of the event in a famous monograph written by an eminent historian of the last century, and so forth. But what was the original “message” in this game of telephone? What did the first narration of the event sound like?
Take the story of Julius Caesar’s crossing the Rubicon: He knew, both as a matter of tradition and according to Senate declarations, that to cross the Rubicon into Italy with his army amounted to a declaration of war and an act of treason against Rome. His decision to cross the the river in 49 BC led to a war and to developments in his life which have had incalculably many consequences for all subsequent history. Even the phrase, “to cross the Rubicon,” has become a proverbial way to express the idea of taking an action which cannot be reversed.
So what was that first Rubicon-crossing like? Thanks to the internet, we can easily get close to the original telling of this story.
When it comes to the history of ancient Greece and Rome, there is no better resource for those of us who are not Classics scholars than the Loeb Classical Library. The LCL is a collection of over 500 volumes of the most essential surviving literature of the ancient world, presented in the original Greek and Latin with facing-page English versions.
The Loeb project began in 1911, so many of the translations are now in the public domain. These have been gathered into a digital library of PDFs called Loebolus (or “little Loeb”), which can be downloaded either individually or complete in one file. There are also more browser-friendly versions of many of these available on LacusCurtius and at the Perseus Digital Library.
The LCL includes three volumes containing five of Caesar’s own historical works but, alas, in none of them does he offer his own account of the Rubicon moment. But Plutarch and Suetonius, two authors who wrote less than a century after the event, offer us very compelling accounts from much farther up the “telephone” line than our textbooks!
Plutarch (in his Life of Caesar) tells us:
He [Caesar] himself spent the day in public, attending and watching the exercises of gladiators; but a little before evening he bathed and dressed and went into the banqueting hall. Here he held brief converse with those who had been invited to supper, and just as it was getting dark and went away, after addressing courteously most of his guests and bidding them await his return. To a few of his friends, however, he had previously given directions to follow him, not all by the same route, but some by one way and some by another. He himself mounted one of his hired carts and drove at first along another road, then turned towards Ariminum. When he came to the river which separates Cisalpine Gaul from the rest of Italy (it is called the Rubicon), and began to reflect, now that he drew nearer to the fearful step and was agitated by the magnitude of his ventures, he checked his speed. Then, halting in his course, he communed with himself a long time in silence as his resolution wavered back and forth, and his purpose then suffered change after change. For a long time, too, he discussed his perplexities with his friends who were present, among whom was Asinius Pollio, estimating the great evils for all mankind which would follow their passage of the river, and the wide fame of it which they would leave to posterity. But finally, with a sort of passion, as if abandoning calculation and casting himself upon the future, and uttering the phrase with which men usually prelude their plunge into desperate and daring fortunes, “Let the die be cast,” he hastened to cross the river; and going at full speed now for the rest of the time, before daybreak he dashed into Ariminum and took possession of it. It is said, moreover, that on the night before he crossed the river he had an unnatural dream; he thought, namely, that he was having incestuous intercourse with his own mother.
Suetonius gives his account in his Lives of the Twelve Caesars:
Then, overtaking his cohorts at the river Rubicon, which was the boundary of his province, he paused for a while, and realizing what a step he was taking, he turned to those about him and said: “Even yet we may draw back; but once cross yon little bridge, and the whole issue is with the sword.”
As he stood in doubt, this sign was given him. On a sudden there appeared hard by a being of wondrous stature and beauty, who sat and played upon a reed; and when not only the shepherds flocked to hear him, but many of the soldiers left their posts, and among them some of the trumpeters, the apparition snatched a trumpet from one of them, rushed to the river, and sounding the war-note with mighty blast, strode to the opposite bank. Then Caesar cried: “Take we the course which the signs of the gods and the false dealing of our foes point out. The die is cast,” said he.
Accordingly, crossing with his army, and welcoming the tribunes of the commons, who had come to him after being driven from Rome, he harangued the soldiers with tears, and rending his robe from his breast besought their faithful service.
It should be clear that using the internet to “go up the telephone line” and to get closer to the sources of history is a great way to make the events and stories more lively and easier to relate to, as opposed to waiting for the messages to get all the way down to the textbooks we use in the classroom.